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More Than 1 Million EVs Are On U.S. Roads Today

​Electric transportation is a win-win for America’s customers, communities, and businesses: it meets customer needs, provides environmental benefits, and supports America’s energy security. Driving on electricity emits 54 percent fewer carbon dioxide emissions per mile than the average new gasoline car; electric vehicle (EV) drivers save on vehicle maintenance costs and typically spend 50 percent less on fuel compared to gas-powered cars; and electric transportation is powered by domestic energy resources, including natural gas, coal, nuclear, hydropower, wind, and solar energy. 

As cities and communities seek smart, sustainable mobility solutions, electric transportation is a critical component. In addition to passenger EVs, electrification is taking hold in public transit buses, school buses, delivery vehicles, port and airport equipment, and more. EEI’s member companies, America’s investor-owned electric companies, are partnering with communities, automakers, technology companies, and many other stakeholders to support the growth of electric transportation and to provide the needed charging infrastructure in America’s cities and communities.

In October, the nation achieved an important milestone when the millionth EV was sold. A new report by EEI and the Institute for Electric Innovation (IEI), Electric Vehicle Sales Forecast and the Charging Infrastructure Required Through 2030​, projects that the next million EVs will be on U.S. roads in less than three years, by early 2021. The report also finds that the number of EVs on U.S. roads is projected to reach more than 18 million in 2030. 

“The future of electric transportation is evolving rapidly, with more than 1 million EVs on our nation’s roads today,” said EEI President Tom Kuhn. “The 1 million EV milestone could not have been reached without partnerships and collaboration among all stakeholders, including electric companies, automakers, environmental organizations, infrastructure providers, regulators, and policymakers. America’s electric companies are leading efforts to promote electric vehicles and are developing the charging infrastructure we need to support more than 18 million EVs in 2030. EEI’s member companies have invested more than $1 billion in customer programs and projects to deploy charging infrastructure and to accelerate electric transportation, and we fully expect that number to continue to rise.”

Additional highlights from the EEI-IEI report:

  • ​The number of EVs on U.S. roads is projected to reach 18.7 million in 2030, up from 1 million at the end of 2018. This is about 7 percent of the 259 million vehicles (cars and light trucks) expected to be on U.S. roads in 2030.
  • Annual sales of EVs will exceed 3.5 million vehicles in 2030, reaching more than 20 percent of annual vehicle sales in 2030. Compared to the prior EEI-IEI forecast released in 2017, EV sales are estimated to be 1.4 million in 2025 versus 1.2 million.
  • About 9.6 million charge ports will be required to support 18.7 million EVs in 2030. This represents a significant investment in EV charging infrastructure.

The rise of EV ownership will require targeted deployment of charging infrastructure and coordinated collaboration among all stakeholders. Electric company participation in the development of EV charging infrastructure supports state-level clean energy and transportation goals, expands customer choice, and helps to scale and ensure the availability of needed EV charging infrastructure to support the growing number of EVs on U.S. roads.

Learn more in the EEI-IEI report and EEI’s press release​. Find the latest EV sales facts and figures. Discover additional resources on EEI’s electric transportation web page.

Infographic
EVs—Facts You Need to Know
Infographic
Policy Perspectives
Policy Perspectives
EVs Are 1 Million Strong—The Road Ahead

​“A mix of push-and-pull policy and market developments are needed to support the 18 million EVs estimated to be on U.S. roads by 2030,” writes Lisa Wood, vice president of customer solutions at EEI and executive director of the Institute for Electric Innovation, in the latest issue of Electric Perspectives. “Automakers appear to be gearing up for this increased customer demand for EVs by retooling manufacturing plants and lining up battery pack orders. 

“However, the EV ecosystem of today is fragmented. Multiple players will need to continue to collaborate and coordinate to move this market forward. There are several opportunities for policymakers, electric companies, infrastructure providers, automakers, customers, and industry stakeholders to align to support further EV growth.”

Read more.

Industry in Action
Industry in Action
Electric Companies Are Driving Transportation Electrification

Electric companies are working to build the energy infrastructure needed to support EVs, and they are partnering with communities, technology companies, and other stakeholders to advance transportation electrification in many ways. Besides EVs, electrification is an important part of public transit, commercial fleets, ride-sharing applications, ports and airports, and more. 

Here are just a few of the innovative programs and partnerships announced by America’s electric companies: 

  • Duke Energy recently announced the planned installation of up to 530 EV charging stations within its Florida service territory. The company is working with several communities and groups to install stations in both residential and commercial areas. Ten percent will be installed in income-qualified communities to make the benefits of cleaner electric transportation available to all customers.
  • National Grid has set a goal of enabling 10,000 public EV charging ports by 2025 in its service territory including Massachusetts, New York, and Rhode Island with the approval of state regulatory agencies. This commitment includes providing infrastructure and rebates for a variety of charging station installations such as Level 1, Level 2, DC Fast Charging, transit, and heavy-duty vehicle charging. The company already has launched an EV program for employees that has facilitated the sale of more than 200 EVs in the first six months; installed charging stations at 20 company facilities to date, with more planned; owns and manages 150 Level 2 charging stations across its service territories; and has installed three DC fast charging stations in Massachusetts. The company has received regulatory approval to invest about $40 million over the next three years for transport related initiatives, such as charging infrastructure, customer outreach and education, and energy grid integration. The Company recently filed the next phase of its EV program in Massachusetts, which calls for a $167-million investment over five years and includes fleet advisory services and research and development components, in addition to a significant charging infrastructure plan.
  • Xcel Energy has teamed up with HourCar, a local nonprofit car-sharing program that allows members to rent cars by the hour from locations across the Minneapolis and Saint Paul area. Xcel Energy and HourCar have announced a plan that will transition the car-sharing fleet from 60 fuel-efficient vehicles to more than 150 zero-emission EVs by 2020. As many as 70 mobility hubs will power the shared cars and provide service to the public as well. In addition to reducing emissions, the nonprofit expects that introducing one-way EV trips will improve accessibility for its members and will lead to membership growth.
  • Rocky Mountain Power created the Live Electric partnership program, dedicated to expanding adoption of electric transportation and improving air quality in Utah. Rocky Mountain Power is installing more than 700 EV chargers along key interstate corridors, developing workplace charging programs, and implementing smart mobility programs—including innovative electric ride hailing partnerships with Lyft and the most traveled e-bus route in the U.S. in Park City. 
  • At downtown Pittsburgh’s first EV showcase event during National Drive Electric Week in September, Duquesne Light Company (DLC) and the Pittsburgh Parking Authority announced a partnership to provide EV charging in multiple downtown parking garages. In 2019, DLC will work to increase the number of charging stations throughout the Pittsburgh area through a number of new programs. The company has committed to allocating 20 percent of its annual fleet purchase budget to EVs. 
  • Kansas City Power & Light has installed more than 1,000 public charging stations throughout its Kansas and Missouri service territories. This ambitious program has helped make Kansas City one of the most EV-friendly areas of the country.
  • Hawaiian Electric Companies are a founder and lead partner of Drive Electric Hawaii, a public, private, and nonprofit coalition to promote transportation electrification as an essential part of meeting the state’s 100 percent clean energy goal by 2045. Mayors of Hawaii’s four counties recently signed a memorandum pledging to eliminate fossil fuels from ground transportation across the state by that date. In addition to promoting light-duty EV use, Hawaiian Electric is working with bus companies and airport and harbor users to electrify buses, aircraft service equipment, tugs, and cranes.

Edison International’s Pedro Pizarro
Edison International’s Pedro Pizarro
Transportation Electrification and A Clean Energy Future

​“A major part of our vision for a clean energy future involves using technology to convert the transportation sector from petroleum to electricity,” writes Pedro Pizarro, president and CEO of Edison International, the parent company of Southern California Edison (SCE), in Electric Perspectives. “This is a broad-based effort that includes building out the electric charging infrastructure not only for passenger vehicles but also heavy-duty industrial vehicles such as trucks and port operations.

“Two years ago, SCE launched Charge Ready, a pilot program to increase the availability of charging for passenger EVs. Demand for the pilot program is high, with about 1,280 charging stations at more than 70 locations expected to be completed at the pilot’s conclusion next year. In June, SCE filed a plan with the California Public Utilities Commission to expand the program to support the installation of 48,000 more charging ports. The proposed $760 million program would continue over four years.”

Read more​.

Consumers Energy’s Patti Poppe
Consumers Energy’s Patti Poppe
The Bright Road Ahead for EVs

​“EVs have the potential to be a tremendous benefit to the energy grid, the environment, and customers,” writes Consumers Energy President and CEO Patti Poppe in Electric Perspectives. “Vehicles that are plugged in when a driver gets home from work can be programmed to start charging later in the evening, when energy grid use is low. Not only does this avoid adding to the peak, this helps fill in the ‘troughs,’ which makes the energy grid run better for all customers.

“Stakeholders also agree that EVs are good for both our economy and our environment. EVs will reduce carbon emissions and dependency on foreign oil and will support local business.”

Read more​.

PG&E’s Geisha Williams
PG&E’s Geisha Williams
The Value of Electric Transportation

​Earlier this year, Geisha Williams, CEO and president of PG&E Corporation, highlighted the many customer benefits of transportation electrification and discussed how electric companies are enabling smarter mobility at a hearing of the House Energy and Commerce Committee’s Subcommittee on Environment. Williams highlighted how electric companies are investing in infrastructure to make EV charging more accessible, seamlessly integrating the growing number of EVs into the energy grid, and working to increase the use of EVs in fleet and off-road applications.

“EEI member companies believe that continued growth in the EV segment will also drive important benefits above and beyond their cost-savings and environmental potential,” Williams said. “In particular, the increased use of EVs represents an opportunity to utilize the nation’s energy grid more efficiently. ‘Smart’ or ‘managed’ charging allows energy companies and consumers to take advantage of times when excess energy is available on the system. This increased utilization effectively lowers the average cost to serve all customers.

“We also believe that leveraging our nation’s energy grid to fuel EVs represents an important national security opportunity. When EVs connect to the grid, they are 100-percent powered by North American energy sources, including natural gas, coal, nuclear, hydropower, wind, and solar energy,” said Williams.

Read Williams’ full testimony and watch the hearing​.

In Case You Missed It
In Case You Missed It
Surveys Find Overwhelming Support for EV Infrastructure in Maryland and DC

​Recent surveys conducted by Morning Consult have found that the overwhelming majority of Maryland and District of Columbia residents support expanding EV charging infrastructure in their communities. The results of both surveys indicate that Marylanders and Washingtonians believe that expanded EV charging infrastructure would have a positive impact on their local economies and the environment, that EVs are practical for everyday use, and that they will help their communities meet emission reduction goals.

“Local electric companies will play a critical role in accelerating and incentivizing the adoption of EVs, in addition to making the necessary investments to deploy, own, and operate charging infrastructure for the benefit of customers,” said Brian Wolff, EEI executive vice president of public policy and external affairs.

Learn more in EEI’s press releases on the survey results for Maryland and the District of Columbia​.

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